British savers and pensioners are among the biggest losers from the Bank of England’s long-running programme of quantitative easing. This is because the main way QE affects the economy is by holding long-term interest rates below market levels. Annuities are based on long-term rates and, for a 65-year-old man, the income from an average annuity fell by almost 12 per cent in 2012.
The Bank has claimed that such loss of retirement income is offset by the stimulus QE provides to the stock and bond markets in which pensions are invested. However, the extent of this offset is limited for funds that are in deficit and for many people with personal pensions and savings who have been advised to shift their resources out of volatile assets and into fixed-interest accounts. Retirees and others who are living off their savings will continue to suffer financial repression as long as interest rates are held down. They receive a double whammy if inflation remains high, pushing real interest rates further below zero. Read more