By Dr. Constantin Gurdgiev
Germany’s CESIfo published the latests (January 2013) assessment of the state of the German economy in Manufacturing and these are slightly more upbeat than at the end of Q4 2012, albeit with some clear seasonal supports.
“In manufacturing the business climate indicator continued to rise. Manufacturers are more satisfied with their current business situation than last month. The improvement in expectations with regard to future business developments continued into the New Year. Optimism is returning. After three successive declines, capacity utilisation rates also rose.”
As per data below, in manufacturing ‘optimism’ is not exactly ‘returning’, but rather ‘pessimism is receding’, as business expectations remain below 0 on balances: